• July 1, 1990
  • Mazda Publishers
  • 33 pages
  • 1-56869-090-3
  • 978-1-56859-090-5

Composed by Mawlānā Maḥmūd ʿArifi of Herat at the height of Timurid power in 1438-39, The Ball and Polo Stick گوی و چوگان  or  حالنامه, Book of Ecstasy, is an allegorical masnavi on the Sufi ideal of love. A dervish lets his head roll across the polo field in ecstasy, so he may be absorbed into the consciousness of his royal beloved, i.e., the godhead. Based on a manuscript at Harvard University’s Fogg Art Museum once owned by Emperors Akbar, Jahangir, and Shahjahan, and a 1932 edition by R.S. Greenshields, this is a parallel Persian-English text, edited and translated with an introduction by W.M. Thackston, Jr. and Hossein Ziai.


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